Women in Falconry is one of the main topics of the conference "The Future of Falconry", which will be hosted in the next edition of ADIHEX in cooperation with UNESCO and organised by Emirates Falconers' Club and the International Association for Falconry and Conservation of Birds of Prey (IAF) which currently has 110 associations from 90 countries, totalling more than 75,000 falconers worldwide.
ADIHEX is held under the patronage of H.H. Sheikh Hamdan bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Ruler's Representative in Al Dhafra Region and Chairman of the Emirates Falconers’ Club, from September 27 to October 3, 2021 at the Abu Dhabi National Exhibition Centre (ADNEC).
It is organised by the Emirates Falconers’ Club with the official sponsorship of Environment Agency - Abu Dhabi, International Fund for Houbara Conservation and Abu Dhabi National Exhibition Centre.
The falconry year-round events organized by the UAE over the past two decades have encouraged girls to learn the arts, skills and techniques of falconry, hunting and safari, which allowed them to take part in falconry competitions, just as happened in equestrian and other traditional sports.
Not to forget that the Mohamed bin Zayed School of Falconry and Desert Physiognomy in Al Ain celebrated, in 2018, the graduation of the first group of female falconers, who mastered the principles of Arabian Falconry and its morals, rules, and ancient arts.
The school witnessed a vast influx of students eager to learn the art of Arabian Falconry and the principles of desert life. To date, it has been able to attract 2,021 students of both sexes, including 1,163 males and 858 females.
The International Festival of Falconry IFF organised by Emirates Falconers' Club in 2011, 2014 and 2017 in Abu Dhabi, as well as all the editions of ADIHEX, beheld the participation of many female falconers from all over the world along with many female researchers from Europe, USA and Japan.
Abu Dhabi's heritage activities and events celebrated the presence of well experienced and promising European and Japanese female falconers. As for Emirati women, many of them participated in the IFFcompetitions in the "Remah" desert.
Majid Ali Al Mansouri, Chairman of the Higher Organising Committee of ADIHEX, President of IAF and Secretary General of the Emirates Falconers’ Club, stressed that Emirati women are very keen on holding on to their national identities and the customs and traditions of their society, with falconry as one of its most important pillar, as they grow and engage in various fields confidently and strongly.
Falconry has become the sport of the Emirati family as many amongst them own birds; and since falcons were a man's favourite companion on hunting trips for livelihood, there grew a strong historical relationship between them, so it has been little trouble to revive this authentic heritage, especially since UAE families are keen to visit falconry events and enjoy the performances in nature, as mothers capture pictures of their children with falconers and falcons.
The UAE is today the country of many female falconers who train, teach and raise birds, including some who specialize in treating falcons. Just as there has been a shift in the past few years as Emirati women entered the equestrian world, it is not unlikely that they tackle falconry next, regardless of it being quite an arduous sport.
Today, 8-year-old Emirati Osha Khalifa Al Mansoori thrives brilliantly at various festivals and exhibitions, as she walks a path of continuous successes that she first stepped into at four years of age when she participated in the President Cup Falcon Competition, as well as ADIHEX and the 4th International Festival of Falconry in 2017, organised by Emirates Falconers' Club.
She is considered one of the youngest, if not the youngest, female falconers in the world.
For centuries, until recently, falconry has been the sport of the ruling elites in many countries of the world. And with the resemblance its rules and practices have with certain social and political structures, it is not surprising that many prominent women have had the passion for falconry throughout ages, as they exercised it with great appreciation and elegance; for instance, Mary Queen of the Scots who has devoted most of her time to this sport.
Women have always had to choose to pursue falconry in a way appropriate to their luxurious and extravagant lifestyle, but as we look closely at contemporary generations of women, it is clear that since World War II there has been a recent upsurge in Europe, Asia and the Middle East, involving more women in falconry than ever before in history.
Falconry was first introduced to Europe through the Eastern Arabia, and it was the only sport medieval women could participate in; falconry then reached Japan about 2,000 years ago. The first falconer in Japan, was Korean, so the emperor gave him a Japanese wife to encourage him to stay; his wife learned falconry, hence the first ever Japanese falconer was a female, followed by another, before the art of falconry got to numerous Japanese men.
New archeology techniques revealed records, excavations and ancient texts which prove that falconry spread in the Middle East, especially the Arabian Gulf, 10,000 years ago, before it moved to other nations, such in East Asia, Europe and North America.
In a study published in April 2021 in the French edition of National Geographic magazine, archeologists from the University of California concluded that 30 to 50% of hunters in ancient times were females, which debunks the common belief that men in prehistoric times hunted while women gathered plants and cared for children.
Diana Durman-Walters of the "International Wildlife Consultants UK", says that a well trained falcon was of great value, in the Middle Ages, and the most luxurious gift offered to nobility or even to the king himself as a token of gratitude.
Lisa Jarvis, a British researcher, stated that the Raptor Award for rookies, organised by The Hawk Board since 2006, highlights the importance of caring for and coping with birds of prey by beginners or more experienced falconers. The award was designed to assess the trainees' ability to maintain safe and healthy birds through practice and necessary cognitive backgrounds. In May 2011, a new component of adapting and freeing a bird of prey was added to the award.
The Dutch falconer Tula Stapert says that during the Middle Ages in the Netherlands, there was enough space, but even though space was not a problem, falconry was only practiced on a small scale. Unlike the rest of Europe, the Netherlands had no royal court. In the south, however, Valkenswaard farmers developed a unique technique for hunting Peregrine Hawks as they're migrating. Their hunting and trading style became popular and made the Netherlands an important part of the history of falconry.
Saeed Zarqani, one of the founders of the Iraqi Falconers Association who took part in previous editions of the International Festival of Falconry, said that his mother, Hamdah Hussein, 82, had been hunting with him and his father for 28 years, and that she was a falconer who hunts and trains falcons. "I come from a family that passed down falconry from one generation to another," he added.
He also stressed that there are some Iraqi female falconers, but they are still embarrassed of enrolling as members of the falconers' associations, even though the Iraqi Falconers Association do not have any problem registering them and giving them an "identity". However, customs and traditions may prevent them from appearing in public, which is a problem in Iraq and most Gulf countries.